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AMBER – GOLD FROM THE BALTIC SEA

Baltic amber was called the „gold of the north” by people in ancient times. In fact it is a petrified resin of conifers that grew about 40 million years ago in the area whitch is now the Baltic Sea. The process by which liquid resin was transformed into amber was very long and complex. One can see small pieces of plans, sometimes a little spider or various insects in a transparent lump of amber. Millions years ago they got into that golden but ominously sticky trap, becoming silent witnesses of past ages. Specimens of amber containing such inclusions have been objects of desire to many collectors sine the earlist days. In the past, speciments with inclusions of flies, ants and spiders were highly prized among the treasures of many eminent familes.

Due to its enormous natural varicty, the beauty of amber is unique. This variety is determined by its inner structure, the degree of transparency, the intensity of its colours, the number and size of air bubbles as well as presence of micro cracks which cause additional reflection of refracted light rays.

The natural beauty of amber, as well as an aura of mystery surrounding this gem since the very beginning of its history, maintain a constant interest in it. It also emits aromatic smoke when it burns. Early people discovered some healing properties of this miraculous mineral. It protects from thyroid illnesses and migraine when it is worn on the neck. Rubbing with a piece of amber effectivelly removes tiredness and also provides some relief from arthritic and rheumatic pain. It is advisable to wear a bracelet made of amber to protect from many others illness.

No other mineral has aroused such an interest as amber. According to the latest results of archeological researches this mineral was already known and used by palaeolithic man, mostly for making amulets. Since the neolothic age it has uses as a gem. In ancient times people started traveling along so called „amber route” leading from the south of Europe to the shore of the Baltic Sea in order to get this „miraculous stone”.

Amber is regarded as exceptionally grateful material to jeweller's work and that is why a lot of artists so eagerly reach for it.